The TauTona mine exists within the West Witts area not so far from Johannesburg in South Africa, near the town of Carletonville. TauTona neighbours the Mponeng and Savukamines, and TauTona and Savuka share processing facilities. All three are owned by AngloGold Ashanti.
In 2006 AngloGold Ashanti commenced a project to extend its South African TauTona gold mine to 3.9km. This was completed in 2008 making it the world’s deepest mine, surpassing the 3,585m deep East Rand Mine by a good distance. The name TauTona means “great lion” in the Setswana language.
The mine was originally built by the Anglo American Corporationwith its 2km deep main shaft being sunk in 1957, with operations starting in 1962.
Since its construction two secondary shafts have been added bringing the mine to its current depth. The mine today has some 800km of tunnels and employs some 5600 miners. It is an extremely dangerous environment, with five workers losing their lives in 2007.
The mine is so deep that temperatures in the mine can rise to dangerous levels. Air conditioning equipment is used to cool the mine from 55°C down to a more tolerable 28°C. The rock face temperature currently reaches 60°C.
The journey to the rock face can take one hour from surface level. The lift cage that transports the workers from the surface to the bottom travels at 16 meters a second. The mine has also been featured on the MegaStructures programme produced by National Geographic.
Geology and reserves Tautona gold mine in south africa
The TauTona mine exists within the West Witts area slightly South West of Johannesburg in the North West of South Africa.
“The mine was originally built by the Anglo American Corporation with its 2km deep main shaft being sunk in 1957, with operations starting in 1962.”
Two reef horizons are exploited at the West Wits operations: the Ventersdorp Contact Reef (VCR), located at the top of the Central Rand Group, and the Carbon Leader Reef (CLR) near the base. Owing to nonconformity in the VCR, the separation between the two reefs increases from east to west, from 400m to 900m. TauTona and Savuka exploit both reefs while Mponeng only mines the VCR. The structure is relatively simple with rare instances of faults greater than 70m.
The CLR consists of one or more conglomerate units and varies from several centimetres to more than 3m in thickness. Regionally, the VCR dips at approximately 21°, but may vary between 5° and 50°, accompanied by changes in thickness of the conglomerate units. Where the conglomerate has the attitude of the regional dip, it tends to be thick, well-developed and accompanied by higher gold accumulations.
Where the attitude departs significantly from the regional dip, the reef is thin, varying from several centimetres to more than 3m in thickness.
“The plant uses conventional milling to crush the ore and a CIP (carbon in plant) to further treat the ore.”
Mining operations are conducted at depths ranging from 1.8km down to 3.9km following the recent expansion.
The mine consists of a main shaft system supported by secondary and tertiary shafts. The main mining method is longwall. TauTona shares a processing plant with Savuka. The plant uses conventional milling to crush the ore and a CIP (carbon in plant) to further treat the ore. Once the carbon has been added to the ore, it is transported to the plant at Mponeng for electro-winning, smelting and the final recovery of the gold.